Understanding Kitten & Cat Vaccinations

kittens vaccination

Adopting a kitten is an exciting experience especially if it is the first times you’ve lived with one of these animals, however adoption involves different responsibilities such as feeding mental stimulation and their overall health, when it comes to feline health trips to the veterinarian are essential; but, when should you go?

In this article we explained:

  1. Why Kitten Vaccinations are Necessary?
  2. When you should take your cat to the vet for the first time?
  3. What will happen during the visit?
  4. How follow-up should work?

Regardless of whether you’ve adopted a kitten or an adult cat if you do not have other animals at home it’s advisable to wait a week before visiting the vet, in this way the cat can get used to your presence and feel less cautious when visiting the specialist; if you do have other animals you will have to take it as soon as possible or keep it separate from the rest in case they have parasites or any pathologies.

1. Why Kitten Vaccinations are Necessary?

Kittens don’t have an immune system when they are born. They get immune assistance from their mother in the form of maternal antibodies, which helps them to consume colostrum. Colostrum is found in breast milk and is rich in immunoglobulin, delivering passive immune to the kitten.

However, colostrum phase of lactation lasts only for a week after the cat gives birth. The newborn kitten can absorb colostrum through guts for first 18 hours of life after that guts get closed becoming a barrier for a little kitten to take colostrum.

Colostrum not a permanent vaccine and lasts for the first few weeks of kitten’s life only. Thus, where it is critical to nurse a newborn during the first hours of his birth, kitten vaccinations is equally important to keep them safe against bad bacteria and viruses.

2. When you should take your cat to the vet for the first time?

if you’ve adopted a kitten you should know that the first visit to the veterinarian should be made after six or eight weeks of life, the ideal time for a first checkup, after three months the first vaccinations are administered and boosters are given three months later, after vaccination and de-worming it’s advisable to visit the vet every 6 to 12 months to perform a follow-up examination.

3. What will happen during the visit?

The first visits of the vet is essential to forge a link between the feline and their specialist the first thing the veterinarian will do is record the data of your pet such as name, origin, diet, or any other potential inherited pathologies from their parents, this is helpful in knowing of potential diseases in the future.

4. How follow-up should work?

First Visit:

Afterwards the veterinarian will proceed to make a general review of the cat, they will check their eyes, ears, teeth, and coat, the latter for external parasites or injury; they will listen to the lungs and heart measure and weigh them; if you do not know the age of the cat, the veterinarian can provide an approximate figure.

During the first visit, an anti-parasitic product will be administered and the correct start date of the vaccination schedule will be determined, also depending on the health status of the cat, they may require some additional help.

As we’ve already stated the first consultation with the vet will involve de-worming before starting the vaccination schedule, it is advisable to wait a few days so that the de-worming product doesn’t interfere with it; the most important is the feline trivalent vaccine which protects a cat against feline “Panleukopenia”, “Rhinotracheitis” and “Calicivirus”.

After 3 to 4 Months:

Some three to four months later a booster of this vaccine is given and then repeated annually; when the cat reaches five months of age it’s also recommended the feline leukemia vaccination is given and one for rabies at six months.

In addition to visiting a specialist for the first administration of vaccines. it’s important to visit them in the following circumstances:

  • observing external parasites such as fleas or ticks
  • they’ve been the victim of trauma
  • kitten have not eaten for a day or two
  • having a fever
  • if they urinate blood or cannot urinate at all
  • vomiting or diarrhea for more than 24 hours
  • if they do not defecate or have blood in the stool
  • seem dehydrated
  • they stop grooming or their hair seems disheveled
  • if you think they’ve been poisoned
  • their behavior changes suddenly without reason

If the proper measures are not taken go into the veterinarian can become a traumatic experience for the animal, therefore we recommend you to:

  • have a carrier for animals
  • get your cat used to the carrier days before the visit
  • use pheromones for cats if they get nervous or spray around the carrier
  • ask for an appointment to the animal wits as little as possible
  • scratch their head chain or ears to reassure them
  • speak to them in a low and affectionate tone the voice if you notice they are nervous

Knowing that you know when to take your cat to the veterinarian and how to do it don’t forget to set up a visiting routine with a specialist.

source: https://pretly.com/when-should-a-kitten-be-vaccinated/